The Zanclean Flood: Refilling the Mediterranean

While the Mediterranean Sea is one of the cradles of ancient human civilisation, the water body is rather young geologically, approximately 5.33 million years old.  Researchers have found that this figure marks the date of the Zanclean flood, an epic breach of the Strait of Gibraltar that turned the desiccated Mediterranean basin into a sprawling…

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Interrupted International Borders, Part II: Europe, Africa, and North America

Today, we finish off our look at countries that border other countries more than once thanks to the presence of an intervening country or water body (Part I can be found here).  Again, each of these examples could be their own article and then some; consider these more of a brief description of each border’s…

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A Short Look at Potentially Bridging the Strait of Gibraltar

In the existence of this website, we’ve looked at the feasibility and costs of building bridges across the Bering Strait and the Red Sea, as well as the pitfalls of joining North and South America by road over the Darién Gap.  Inevitably, when potentially bridging gaps between continents by road, one must look at the…

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The Ever-Changing Route of the Dakar Rally

This time of year marks the annual appearance of one of the most arduous tests in sport, the two-week-long Dakar Rally (for those who aren’t fans of motorsport, perhaps the closest sporting equivalent to the Dakar might be cycling’s Tour de France).  A 14-stage race for the world’s top off-road racers of cars, quads, motorcycles,…

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Spanish Possessions in North Africa

When we think of transcontinental countries, we think of ones that cross contiguous borders: Russia, Turkey, Egypt.  But when you look at things geologically, or take into account non-contiguous landmasses, it really messes things up.  For example, most people probably don’t think of Spain as a transcontinental country.  But it is, and that doesn’t just…

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Border Bonanza

It appears that India and Bangladesh are finally trying to solve the matter of the infamous Cooch Behar enclave cluster – 106 tiny pieces of Indian land lying on the Bangladeshi side of the border, and 92 pieces of Bangladeshi land lying on the Indian side of the border, often embedded within each other. A…

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