The Basement Geographer GeoCentum Quiz 2012: The Results Are In!

We have a winner!  Aletheia Kallos picked up the $100 prize in The Basement Geographer GeoCentum Quiz 2012 by being the first respondent to answer all 100 questions correctly.  Congratulations to Aletheia; I hope it was fun!  I hope everyone else playing at home enjoyed it as well.

Below, all the answers to all 100 questions in the quiz:

1. The two national flags of the short-lived Federal Republic of Central America, which existed in various forms from 1823 to 1840, employed designs based upon the national flag of this country – Argentina

2. This 3.5 km2 (1.0 sq mi) sliver of land spent over a century as a Belgian-Prussian/German condominium until being awarded to Belgium in the 1919 Treaty of Versailles – (Neutral) Moresnet

3. Women of this Tibeto-Burman ethnic group are known for the ornamental brass rings traditionally worn around their necks, creating the illusion of unnaturally-stretched necks when in fact the rings are merely deforming their collar bones – Kayan/Kayan Lahwi

4. After a horrific crash at the 1955 24 Hours of Le Mans killed driver Pierre Levegh and 83 spectators, all forms of auto racing except hillclimbing were banned in this country; a ban which remains in place to this day – Switzerland

5. Although doner kebab is traditionally a Turkish dish, the variation known as donair was originally associated with this Canadian province – Nova Scotia

6. This type of lake is formed when blocks of glacial ice buried by outwash begin to melt, collapsing the ground above and creating depressions that fill with water – Kettle

7. The last 36 residents of this remote Scottish archipelago were permanently relocated to the Morvern peninsula on the mainland in 1930 – St Kilda

8. Athletes from this country always marches into the stadium first during the Parade of Nations at each Olympics – Greece

9. Matthias Ringmann is credited with naming America on a 1507 map produced by this fellow cartographer – Martin Waldseemüller

10. These people of the Caribbean coast of Central America are the descendants of African, Carib, and Arawak peoples who intermarried during the 17th and 18th centuries – Garifuna

11. This large inland delta occupies the northwest section of the Kalahari Desert – Okavango Delta

12. Having no known relationship to any other language, this endangered language isolate is spoken by around 200 people in British Columbia and 100 people in the US states of Montana and Idaho – Ktunaxa (Kutenai)

13. Named for a turn-of-the-20th-century Croatian seismologist, this feature marks the boundary between the Earth’s crust and mantle – Mohorovičić discontinuity

14. This Arctic explorer/ethnologist once tried to settle Russia’s Wrangel Island in the name of Canada – Vilhjalmur Stefansson

15. Approximately one-half of the residents of this Australian-governed island are descended from mutineers of the HMS Bounty Norfolk Island

16a. The year women’s suffrage came into effect in the Pitcairn Islands – 1838

16b. The year women’s suffrage came into effect in the United Arab Emirates – 2006

17. English carpenter John Harrison invented this device in 1737 that finally allowed navigators to determine longitude at sea – Marine chronometer

18. This 16 km-wide (10 mi) Danish strait was finally bridged by a highway in 1998, allowing travellers to drive east-to-west across the country for the first time – Great Belt/Storebælt

19. Entering 2012, this Internet web browser was the most popular browser in Central Asian countries such as Kazakhstan and Tajikistan – Opera

20. Spain’s top-level administrative divisions are called by this term – Autonomous communities/Comunidad autónoma

21. This is the scientific term for the study of rocks – Petrology

22.  Robert Scott’s ill-fated 1911-12 expedition to the South Pole was hampered in large part due to his use of these animals for sledge hauling rather than sled dogs – Horses

23. These four cities are mentioned in the refrain of the 1979 synthpop hit ‘Pop Muzik’ by the English act M – New York, London, Paris, Munich

24. Kenya and Ethiopia’s Lake Turkana was formerly called by this name, taken from that of an Austrian prince – Lake Rudolf

25. The phrase ‘beyond the pale’ is a reference to The Pale, a region of the late medieval era located on this Atlantic island – Ireland

26. This is the most widely-spoken language in the Central African Republic – Sangho

27. In geodesy, this is a series of reference points on the Earth’s surface against which positional measurements are made and geographic coordinates are determined – Datum

28. The name of this country translates to ‘Lion Mountains’ – Sierra Leone

29. This island region became France’s newest department in March 2011 – Mayotte

30. This semi-arid lowland occupies much of Bolivia, Paraguay, and northern Argentina – Gran Chaco

31. Not only does this Indian city serve as the capital of two states, it also forms its own territory within the union – Chandigarh

32. The second largest island in Cuba, the Isle of Pines was renamed in 1978 to this, its current name – Isla de la Juventud

33. The 1883 eruption of this volcanic island not only was large enough to destroy the island, but sent enough ash into the atmosphere to lower global temperatures by 1.2 °C (2.2 °F) over the next year – Krakatoa/Krakatau

34. This term is used to describe the smallest level of administrative division in the Philippines, equivalent to a village, neighbourhood, or ward in other countries – Barangay/Purok

35. One yard is equivalent to this many metres – 0.9144

36. This inlet in Istanbul divides the west half of the city and has long served as the city’s main port area – Golden Horn

37. In 1949, protestors in this world capital rioted against its country’s decision to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, perhaps the most famous riot in its country’s history – Reykjavik

38. This traditional Basotho hat adorned the flag of Lesotho from 1966 to 1987 and again from 2006 onward – Mokorotlo

39. This was the 25th state admitted into the United States – Arkansas

40. Nardcore refers to the genre of hardcore punk music that emerged from this California city – Oxnard

41. In a GIS shapefile, the feature geometry itself is saved in this file format – .shp

42. The word ‘sonar’ is actually an acronym, derived from this phrase – SOund Navigation And Ranging

43. In biogeography, this name is given to the group of Indonesian islands that lie between the Asian continental shelf to the west and the Australian continental shelf to the east and south – Wallacea

44. Ninety East Ridge is a 5 000 km-long (3 100 mi) chain of seamounts in this body of water – Indian Ocean

45. Despite its Chinese-sounding name, the dish known as cha chee kai originated in this Caribbean country – Guyana

46. The most widely-read media in this African capital is The Daily Talk, which is not a conventional media outlet but rather a series of articles written on a set of blackboards in the centre of the city – Monrovia

47. The Roman term for the Mediterranean Sea, Mare Nostrum, literally translates to this phrase – ‘Our Sea’

48. This Norwegian possession is the most remote island in the world – Bouvet Island/Bouvetøya

49. Along with Cyrenaica and Tripolitania, this one of the three historical regions of Libya – Fezzan

50. These are the locations of the five World Marathon Majors – Boston, London, Berlin, Chicago, New York City

51. This politician known as the ‘Grand Old Man of Africa’ ruled a west African country for 33 years until his 1993 death – Félix Houphouët-Boigny

52. The Aral Sea has shrunk to a fraction of its former size over the past half-century due to the diversion of the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers in order to irrigate lands primarily use to grow this textile fiber – Cotton

53. Welsh is still spoken by thousands of people in Y Wladfa, the location of a 19th-century immigrant colony in this Argentine province – Chubut

54. Between 510 and 180 million years ago, Antarctica, South America, Africa, Madagascar, Arabia, India, and Australia comprised this supercontinent – Gondwana

55. These mounds of earth-covered ice occur in permafrost landscapes and can reach as high as 70 m (230 ft) in height – Pingos

56. The four-day long Football War was fought between these two countries in 1969 – El Salvador and Honduras

57. These islands are the last vestige of France’s colonial empire in North America outside of the Caribbean – Saint Pierre and Miquelon

58. The longest stretch of straight road on Earth occurs on this highway connecting the Australian cities of Perth and Adelaide – Eyre Highway (National Highway 1)

59. More than 90% of the forest cover of this large island nation of 22 million people has been lost due to deforestation, almost all of this occurring since the 1850s – Madagascar

60. One of the 100 largest islands in the world, this island was not charted until 1948 (the last significant piece of land on Earth to have its existence confirmed), when it was named for a still-living member of a royal family – Prince Charles Island

61. This is the world’s largest artificial lake by volume – Lake Kariba

62. The Wiphala is an emblem that represents the indigenous peoples inhabiting much of this mountain chain – Andes

63. This association within the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics is responsible for promoting study of the cryosphere – International Association of Cryospheric Sciences

64. Foehn winds that occur in the Carpathian Mountains are known by this term – Halny

65. Made from a resin plastic body reinforced by cotton and/or wool fibers, this quaint automobile was the most common motor vehicle in East Germany during the communist era – Trabant

66. Despite its French name, Bourbon whiskey originates from this location – Bourbon County, Kentucky

67. Canadian rock act the Besnard Lakes take their name from a location in this province – Saskatchewan

68. This is the term for the study of ancient writing – Palaeography

69. A ‘U with horn’, written as Ư, is one of the twelve vowels of this common Southeast Asian language – Vietnamese

70. This Congolese volcano erupted in 2002, resulting in 120 000 people being left homeless – Nyiragongo

71. 90% of ozone in Earth’s atmosphere is primarily located within this layer – Stratosphere

72. This is the now-deleted three-letter ISO 3166-1 code to denote Queen Maud Land, the Antarctic territory claimed by Norway – ATN

73. This 15th century Chinese explorer commanded seven voyages to Southeast Asia, India, the Middle East, and Africa – Zheng He

74. Also known as a panhandle, this is a part of a discrete territory projecting out of the main portion that is bordered by foreign territory on three sides into which it projects – Salient

75. The Tulip Revolution overthrew this Central Asian president – Askar Akayev

76. The Prime Meridian runs through the Royal Observatory located in this borough of London – Greenwich

77. In international financial markets, SOS refers to this beleaguered currency – Somali shilling

78. The unrecognised Eastern European republic of Transnistria recognises these three languages as official – Russian, Moldovan, Ukrainian

79. Opened in 1843, this amusement park remains the second-most visited such park in Europe behind Disneyland Paris – Tivoli Gardens

80.  While normally thought of as Antarctic dwellers, penguins range as far north as this equatorial archipelago – Galapagos Islands

81. This region of the Atlantic Ocean is named for the large amount of a certain genus of seaweed that floats on its surface – Sargasso Sea

82. A gamelan is a type of traditional musical ensemble associated with major western islands of this archipelagic country – Indonesia

83. This system operated by CNES, the French space agency, is used to help determine the orbits and positions of satellites – DORIS

84. In 1995, this religious cult was responsible for carrying out a Sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway that killed 13 people – Aum Shinrikyo

85. In 1944, this Baptist minister and amateur boxer became the leader of the first social democratic government in North America – Tommy Douglas

86. This mountaineer is renowned for being the first person to climb Mount Everest without employing supplemental oxygen and for being the first person to ascend all peaks higher than 8 000 m – Reinhold Messner

87. This Antarctic ridge is known for having the calmest winds and driest climate on Earth – Ridge A

88. The medieval world maps known as T-O maps due to their distinct shapes generally placed this city at the centre – Jerusalem

89. Thirty percent of the flow of the Mississippi River does not enter the Gulf of Mexico via the main Mississippi River channel but rather via this large distributary – Atchafalaya River

90. This short-lived Australian territory existed from 1927 to 1931 before being reincorporated into the Northern Territory – Central Australia/North Australia

91. The Universal Transverse Mercator coordinate system is divided into this number of zones – Sixty

92. While the summit of Mount Everest is the highest point of land on Earth with regard to elevation above sea level, this summit of this mountain is actually the point of land furthest removed from the centre of the Earth due to its position near the equator – Chimborazo

93. This European capital is known for the concentric ring of canals that surround its city centre – Amsterdam

94. This Antarctic research base was sold to Ukraine by the United Kingdom for £1 in 1996 – Vernadsky/Faraday

95. This is the number of humans that have walked on the moon – Twelve

96. This was the name of the Egyptian-Syrian union that existed between 1958 and 1961 – United Arab Republic

97. This process is how sediments are transported along a coast at an angle to the shoreline – Longshore drift

98. Late 1970s-early 1980s rock band Split Enz spelled their name as such in tribute to this country – New Zealand

99. In international sporting events, athletes from Taiwan compete under this name rather than that of Taiwan or of the Republic of China – Chinese Taipei

100. This named circle of latitude is moving southward at the rate of 0.47 of latitude per year – Tropic of Cancer/Antarctic Circle

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